This article is taken from the PowerPoint presentation on the Kneelers of Steep church given to the Steep History Group in February 2019.

The kneelers of Steep church feature in the book, “Embroidered Church Kneelers” by Barbara Thomson and Wendy Trewin:

Page 74:

Natural History

Gardeners rush to eradicate lawn weeds as soon as they dare to appear. At Steep in Hampshire, Canon Douglas Snelgar decided to commemorate them on the kneelers….so sprigs of dandelion and daisy are at the centre of two of the150 kneelers he designed. As none is alike, the variety is astonishing and yet there is a symmetry about the project as a whole. The emphasis is on design not on pictorial effect. The treatment of, say, oak leaves and acorns, or sprays of holly or mistletoe, seems made for the purpose. Four bullfinches fly with their wing tips touching and beaks facing inwards: spotted toadstools form a pattern; bats, butterflies, blackberries, apple blossom, ferns, rabbits, hedgehogs, trout, primroses – all these and many more, stand out on dark or light blue backgrounds framed by a thin yellow border. A splendid game bird graces one kneeler. ‘It doesn’t really belong to Steep, but when it fell into the vicarage garden, although it soon flew away, I felt it should be included,’ Canon Snelgar explained. …….he knows the flora and fauna brought to the village as the seasons come and go.

There are/were about 150 kneelers. They include:

16 animals, reptiles, snails 21 birds 3 fish & amphibians 13 insects 51 plants & flowers 30 trees & shrubs 2 fungi 3 Corn 2 extra large ones: the vicar’s kneeler & the bishop’s kneeler 8 Miscellaneous

How did they come about? When were they made?

Anne Winscom’s account of the kneelers states:

In 1967 the kneelers in the church were a mixed bunch covered in either rexine or cloth of varying sizes. A meeting was held at the Vicarage. About a dozen ladies attended. The Vicar produced some designs. Mrs. B. Harcourt-Powell agreed to take charge of the materials, issuing them as required. (Bettina Harcourt-Powell lived at Venables at Steep Marsh in 1979.)

The first kneelers were of a variety of subjects:

  • the All Saints’ and Diocesan motifs
  • a naval badge
  • the church bells
  • the Bedales Rose badge
  • natural history of the area

It was then decided that the rest of the kneelers should represent the natural history of the area.  No more miscellaneous subjects were produced. Kneelers made 1967 – 1980.

Naval badge: HMS Jupiter designed by Douglas Snelgar, sewn by Persis Freer Bedales housekeeper, in memory of the husband of a friend

What was going on at Steep church when the decision to create the kneelers was made?

1957 Douglas Snelgar appointed vicar of Steep

1961 Faculty for: Installation of new north porch doors Extension of porch light Formation of a chapel at east end of north aisle

1966 Faculty for: Underground electricity to replace overhead cables Repair to coping stones & rendering of external walls Insulation of chancel roof Brass chandelier installed in chancel

1967 The decision to create the kneelers was made

Dec 1968 Centenary: 100 years since All Saints’ became a parish in its own right.

Dec 1968 Centenary: 100 years since All Saints’ became a parish in its own right.

1969 Faculty applied for to cover the following:

  • Chancel improvements
  • Removal of the rood screen
  • Conversion of church heating to oil
  • New safe installed for C16 chalice
  • Existing safe built in
  • New locks & bolts on a number of doors
  • Vestry redecorated with new hanging cupboards & shelves
  • New fire extinguisher
  • Churchyard improvements – lowering of mounds & removal of uninscribed kerbs

1969 New lectern made by Hugh Routh

Model of the chancel of Steep church made by Douglas Snelgar. The rood screen section could be lifted out to show the effect of the chancel with and without the rood screen.

Aug & Sept 1969 All Saints’ centenary celebrations:

  • Pony gymkhana in vicarage garden
  • Walking of the bounds
  • Invitation dance at vicarage
  • Flower Festival over 3 days
  • Display of church silver & records
  • Choral music concert
  • Flower arranging demonstration
  • Music & poetry evening
  • Jumble sale
  • Social evening at village hall
  • Dunhurst School choir leading the Harvest Festival service at Steep


  • 115 kneelers were designed by Canon Douglas J Snelgar – he was vicar at the time they were made.
  • The rest were designed mostly by members of the parish:
  • 15 by Anne Winscom
  • 4 by Joan Coles & Anne Winscom jointly
  • 4 by Cicely Ilbert
  • 3 by a lady from Brighton Art College, name unknown
  • 2 by Sydney Spragg (father of Joy Clarke, who lived at Restalls)
  • 1 each by:
  • Cecily Alder
  • Joan Coles
  • Phyllis Dacam
  • Betty Haggard
  • Ann Mills
  • Marianne Routh
  • Mary Queen of Scots
  • THE MAKERS About 60 people worked on the project which took 13 years. (1967 – 1980)


  • Gold – this was to be the colour for those in the side chapel
  • Initially 4 other colours were to be used:
  • Dark green
  • Blue/green
  • Red
  • Pale leaf/olive green
  • but it was soon found that two colours produced a better effect.
  • Dark green & blue green were chosen.
Red – Badgers by Kay Bennett
Pale green – Cows by Anne Winscom
Light blue/green – Red Admiral Butterflies by Joan Coles
Dark Green – Yellow Iris by Cicely Alder


They were drawn on graph paper 10 squares to the inch. This corresponded to the double thread canvas of 10 stitches to the inch. The vicar Canon Douglas Snelgar did most of the drawings and designs.


By 1976, nearly ten years after the project started, 60 kneelers had been produced. Average of 6 – 7 kneelers per year produced Mrs Harcourt-Powell was ill & could not continue. Anne Winscom took over the organisation.


New people joined the sewing team. More designs were produced. 60 more kneelers were completed. Average of 15 kneelers per year produced


149 kneelers were completed.


Double thread canvas of 10 stitches to the inch was used. Appleton’s crewel wool was used, 3 strands at a time. Each colour shade of the wool had a unique number:

  • Light background was no. 154 (LB)
  • Dark background was no. 158 (DB)
  • Green background shade was Mid Olive’ no. 342 (Gr)
  • Gold background shade no. 842 (G)               The canvas
  • Gold border shade no. 844
  • Supplies of all the shades were obtained by the church and issued to the makers.

This made for a co-ordinated whole in both quality and colour shades. The use of the above materials produced a particularly fine design/picture, which is unique to the Steep kneelers. Other churches have similar embroidered kneelers, but the results are often more crude, with thicker wool and perhaps a different gauge of canvas used.

Detailed sewing instructions sent out by Anne Winscom for the exact making up of the kneelers
This unfinished kneeler shows how the kneelers were worked on the canvas.
Appleton’s crewel wool was used, 3 strands at a time.

The Wools used

Meticulous records were kept. Anne Winscom’s folder in the church archives cupboard has several pages recording the numbers of the wools used and where they were kept.


The tops (the face with the pictures) were worked in cross stitch. The sides were a variety of stitches of the makers’ choice:

  • Long legged cross stitch
  • Rice stitch
  • Oblong cross stitch
  • Florentine stitch

Some makers added their initials & date on the side.

ALW (Alison Winscom’s Initials)  ALH Alison Hunt’s initials 1978


In the later 1970s an announcement was printed in the Steep newsletter each month: The kneeler working party would be meeting on the first Thursday of the month at a particular house (often Oakley Cottage – that of Marianne Routh, or at the vicarage). Those who wished, brought the kneelers on which they were working, chatting to each other as they sewed. The Kneeler Working Parties became a significant social group within the village of Steep. When all the kneelers had been completed, ladies continued to meet in their groups over tea or coffee, for companionship and conversation for many years to follow. HOW were the designs of the kneelers allocated to the makers? Carol Glover remembered that makers would attend a kneeler working party. A large pile of designs would be brought to the party by Anne Winscom. Those who had volunteered to sew were able to choose from the drawings which kneeler they wished to make. They then took the design, canvas and wools home and began to make a kneeler. At the time. Diana Parker was based in Singapore with husband, Blake, R.N. When their son returned in the holidays from his UK boarding school, the kneeler design and materials were sent with him to Singapore. Diana opened the package & an ivy leaf fell out. She was to sew the ‘Ivy’ design L33. The leaf had been included by Douglas to ensure authenticity in the sewn design.


The foam for the insides came from a shop in Portsmouth. Wooden bases were supplied by a local carpenter. The first kneeler had been made up by an upholsterer, but it was expensive. Douglas Snelgar studied what had been done & then made up the rest himself. (At the time, he was vicar of Steep only. Froxfield & Privett were then a separate parish.) Later in the 1980s, it was decided to add buttons/feet to each kneeler in order to stop wear when the material rubbed against the floor. Brian Keys remembers this happening. BY WHOM WERE THEY MADE? Ann Winscom seems to have been one of the driving forces behind the creation of the Steep kneelers 1976 – 80. A number of the ladies who embroidered them were her neighbours, friends or relatives or attended Stroud church. The makers did not all come from Steep & Stroud. Some came from Petersfield, Emsworth, Liphook & further afield. Many of the people who designed or made the kneelers have now died. (Feb. 2019)

Peter and Ann Winscom were farmers who lived at The Red House, Stroud. They both served as churchwardens at Steep at various points during the tenure of Douglas Snelgar. 

Ann Winscom’s 15 designs:

  • Cabbage White Butterflies DB (worked by Barbara Brierley)
  • Cows(worked by herself)
  • Elderflower LB (worked by Jennifer Hunt)
  • Fritillary butterflies LB (worked by Muriel/Mary Bostock)
  • Hare DB (worked by herself)
  •  Hawthorn LB (worked by Elizabeth Brooke)
  • Hens LB (worked by Mrs L Slayter)
  • Kingfisher DB (worked by herself)
  • Mushrooms DB(worked by Willie Higgs)
  • Oak leaves DB (worked by Fanny Slater)
  • Oak Leaves LB(worked by herself)
  • Snails DB (worked by Carol Glover)
  • Wood Anemone DB(worked by Nancy Klitz)
  • Wrens LB(worked by Joan Coles)
  • Yellow Brimstone butterflies DB (worked by Alison Hunt & Ann Winscom)

Ann Winscom sewed 13 kneelers herself & helped with others.

Kingfisher design D31Designed by Anne Winscom Worked by Anne Winscom

Anne W. also made: Apple Blossom Bees Blackberry Cow Parsley Cows Dandelion clocks Hare Hedgehogs Hens Lime Oak leaves LB Poppy Yellow brimstone butterflies Cabbage white butterflies Hawthorn

Douglas Snelgar, vicar of All Saints’, Steep – photograph taken around 1968.  This was shortly after the idea of the kneelers had been suggested.     

Douglas Snelgar

He was the eldest of 3 sons of Mr & Mrs J T Snelgar. 1917 Born in Catford, East London. On leaving school he worked with deprived people at the East London Mission and had aimed to join the probation service. He loved acting. He had always loved to draw and paint but had no formal art training. He did a BA History degree. He worked very briefly for an interior design company who made Parker Knoll chairs. He was a conscientious objector at the onset of WWII and was sent to work on a farm in Buckinghamshire. After the London Blitz of 1940, he joined the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (London) as an ordinary seaman. He was soon sent for officer training and became Sub Lieutenant. WWII service 1943 – 1946

  • 15/7/1943 his rank was listed as Temporary Sub Lieutenant
  • 15/12/1943 was Commanding Officer on HDML boat 1051
  • 1943 – 1945 seems to have been part of secret operations in the Mediterranean.
  • He was MID (Mentioned in Dispatches)1945 Awarded the DSC (Distinguished Service Cross) for his war service to Greece.
  • Served on HDML boat 1023
  • Then at HMS Mosquito shore base Alexandria.
  • 1946 at HMS Lanka in Columbo where he performed a mainly desk job for Special Operations.
HDML Boat 1051 on which Douglas Snelgar served as Commanding Officer. Built by Morgan Giles of Teignmouth in 1941. HDML – Harbour Defence Motor Launch

In 1943 he took it from South Africa, up the east coast of Africa and through the Red Sea, for service in the eastern Mediterranean He also saw service on HDML boat 1023. In HDML boats like these, Douglas took part in secret operations. It is believed they were involved in landing and taking off troops/commandos and others from the island of Crete and possibly other nearby locations. Douglas was awarded the DSC for this service. After WWII Douglas went to Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He gained an M.A. in theology. He then trained for the priesthood at Westcott House Cambridge. Ordained in 1950, he was a curate St Peter and St Paul, Fareham 1951-3 and then curate at Holy Trinity, Ventnor, Isle of Wight 1953 onwards. April 1955 he married Pamela Anne Roberts at the church of St Peter and St Paul, Fareham. She was the daughter of Portsmouth diocesan Archdeacon Edward Roberts at the time. He later became Bishop of Ely. 1957 Douglas Snelgar became vicar of Steep After 35 years in Steep he retired to Harting in 1992. He died in 2008 & is buried in Steep churchyard.

Side of large Lord Chancellor’s Kneeler shows the Arms for Trinity Hall (left) & Cambridge University (right)

Other main makers and designers of the kneelers:

Carol Glover – sewed 11 kneelers: Bats DB Bulrushes LB Buttercups DB Daisies DB Dandelions DB Gorse LB Jay LB Plantain DB Snails DB Weasels DB Yew LB

Kneelers made by Carol Glover

Cicely Alder – sewed 11 kneelers & helped with 2 others

Mrs Cicely Alder, 1901-1993. She lived at Hillside, Harrow Lane with husband Leonard, an Admiralty scientist. Was passionate about crafts, creativity, needlework. She is buried at Petersfield cemetery

 Muriel Mary Bostock sewed 5 kneelers

1924 – 1992 she was Cicely’s daughter, mother of Simon & Martin. Buried Petersfield

Joan Coles sewed 11 kneelers

Kneelers made by Joan Coles
Photo from the Coles family of the kneelers made by Joan Coles
The Lord Chancellor’s kneeler. This, and the   Diocesan or Bishop’s kneeler are much larger than the others. They are used by the priest or officiant at services
The Diocesan or Bishop’s kneeler, worked by Joan Coles, possibly with some work by either Pam or Douglas Snelgar or both

Other workers of the kneelers:

Kathleen Dunn – 7 kneelers – catkins, convolvulus, goldfinches, honeysuckle, ivy, hops, mistletoe

Kay Bennett – 5 kneelers – badgers, bryony, spindleberry, horse chestnut, squirrel

Jennifer Hunt – 4 kneelers – coltsfoot, swallows, tiger moth, elderflower (Wife of Peter Hunt, lived at Old Chapel, Stroud)

Elizabeth Brooke – 3 kneelers – adder, grasshopper, hawthorn

Margaret Brooke – 3 kneelers – All Saints’ motif, aspen, doves on basin

Marianne Routh – 2 kneelers – cowslips, snowdrops (bunches)

Joy Clarke – 2 kneelers – adders, swallows

Fanny Slater – 3 kneelers – fritillary flowers, meadowsweet, oak leaves

Pam &/or Douglas Snelgar (with Joan Coles) – 1 large kneeler – Lord Chancellor’s Coat of Arms

Jean Clare (Sue Coles’ mother) & Sue Coles – 1 kneeler – rook

Diana Parker – 1 kneeler – ivy (worked in Singapore)

Joan Snow – 1 kneeler – thrushes

Diana Snow – 1 kneeler – periwinkle

The design drawings and designers

But before any of the kneelers could be worked, a pattern drawing was required to show where the stitches for the design would go. These were done on graph paper corresponding to the gauge of the tapestry canvas used. These drawings on graph paper, with pale pencil colouring are still in the possession of the Snelgar/Burnell family.

Douglas Snelgar designed 115 kneelers, so would have produced working pattern drawings for all of these.

Anne Winscom produced 15 designs + 4 designs jointly with Joan Coles

Joan Coles produced 1 design herself + 4 designs jointly with Anne W

Cecily Ilbert produced 4 designs

Brighton Art College lady 3 designs

Sydney Spragg (Joy Clarke’s father) 2 designs

Phyllis Dacam, Betty Haggard, Ann Mills produced 1 each

One came from a Mary Queen of Scots design.

Some of the design drawings

How was the making of the kneelers funded?

A number of people paid for their own materials. Old newspapers were collected & sold. Originally it had been estimated that each kneeler would cost £3 to make. This rose as years progressed.

Where were the Kneelers made?

Many were made locally in Steep and Stroud. Others by people who lived in Petersfield. Kneelers were also worked in:

  • Singapore
  • Gibraltar
  • USA
  • Mauritius
  • France
  • Spain
  • Naval wives took them with them when they went abroad with their husbands
  • People took them on holiday with them

The end panels

Many end panels are plain cross stitch. Some makers took particular pains to make sure that the side panels also were decorative.

Bells by Cecily Roberts des DJS

Those with a Bedales connection who made kneelers:

  • Kay Bennett – 5 (badgers, bryony, horse chestnut, spindleberry, squirrel)d. 2017 Sports teacher, wife of Ben
  • Irene Bright – 3 (Bedales Rose, owls, peregrine). d. 1990 Housekeeper at Bedales
  • Amy Clarke – 1 (primrose) d. 1972 Former Head of Dunhurst School
  • Daphne Crocker – (spindleberry with Kay Bennett) d. 1981 Head’s secretary, wife of Bill, Head of science
  • Persis Freer – 1 (HMS Jupiter crest, in memory of Mrs Sonia Blake’s husband) d. 1987 Housekeeper & matron at Bedales
  • Veronica Chater – 1 (Thistles)  Housekeeper at Bedales
  • Joan Gardner – 1 (Bedales Rose) d. 2009 Wife of Harold, former Head of English
  • Muriel Gimson – 1 (squirrel with Kay Bennett) d. 1970 Former teacher, wife of Basil
  • Cecily Roberts – 1 (bells) d. 2005 Bursar’s secretary, bell ringer
  • Marianne Routh – 2 (cowslips. snowdrop bunches) d. 2006 District nurse, wife of Andrew, biology teacher
  • Bunty Shaw – 3 (blackberry, hares, scarlet pimpernel)     d. 1997, lived next to The White House, Bell Hill Wife of Tubby, groundsman
  • Christine Smith – 1 (fir trees) Dunhurst Groups teacher
  • Sophy Tatchell – 1 (bracken) d. 2014 Head of Dunannie
  • Fanny Slater – 3 (fritillary flowers, meadowsweet, oak leaves) d. 2002 lived at Sandsbury Cottage, geography teacher at Petersfield School & Oxfam shop volunteer, wife of Bill Slater, teacher of geography and economics at Bedales.
  • Elizabeth Brooke – 3 (Adders, grasshopper, hawthorn) Former pupil poss. lived on Bell Hill

And who were all the others who made the kneelers?

  • Aline Robertson                 a bell ringer, lived near Tankerdale
  • Alison Hunt                        daughter of Anne Wincom
  • Ann Mills                            lived at Stonerdale 1970s-80s did fine sewing & design
  • Anne Hartley                      mother of John, wife of Richard Hartley, local vetAnn Stubbs                           ‘lived at Hindhead Miss Steele’s niece’ – from DJS notes
  • Anne Winscom                  d. 2015 of The Red House Stroud, churchwarden, wife of Peter, Stroud farmer
  • Barbara Brierley (Miss)     friend of Miss Ethel Benjafield. Who was she?
  • Betty Bicknell                      lived at Island Croft
  • Dr Betty Evans                    Cecily Ilbert’s cousin
  • Carol Glover                       lives at Drakelowe Church Road, prev Upper Ashford Lodge wid of Maj Robin Glover
  • Cicely Ilbert                        artist, former wife of Dr Robin Ilbert, lived at Little Shackles Harrow Lane
  • Cicely Alder                         1901-1993 lived at Hillside Harrow Lane, loved crafts & needlework, wife of Leonard Admiralty scientist, mother of Mary (Muriel) Bostock.
  • Daphne Gray                      lived at Garden Hill Cottage, husband Tim ex para ran printing works in Liss
  • Diana Parker                       lives at Whytton House, Steep, wife of Capt Blake Parker RN
  • Diana Snow                         Joan Snow’s daughter in law lived at Liphook /Bramshott orig from Liss
  • Miss Dorothy Blake            friend of Mrs V. Patterson
  • Elizabeth Brooke                worked 3 kneelers, possibly daughter of Margaret Brooke, went to Bedales, may have lived Bell Hill
  • Ida Greenwell                     lived at Berryfield, wife of Brig. Philip Greenwell
  • Jan Mason                           Anne Winscom’s sister in law, now Jan Cole
  • Jean Clare                           mother of Sue Coles of Aldersnapp Farm
  • Jennifer Hunt                      lived at The Old Chapel, Stroud, Peter Hunt’s first wife
  • Joan Child                           lived at Lowood, Ridge Common Lane, next to Stroud church, military husband, moved to Sussex
  • Joan Coles                          Richard’s mother, lived at Aldersnapp Farm
  • Joan Fanshaw                    d. 2018 Lived at Freshwater House Stroud. WWII plotter at Bentley Priory, wife of Tom, Captain RN
  • Joan Fiddian-Green          lived at the Butts, Steep
  • Joan Snow                           d. 2015 of Rothercombe Farm
  • Joy Clarke                            d 2017 lived at Restalls, church flower arranger, wife of Maj Denis Clarke
  • Joyce Walker                     Daphne Gray’s sister
  • Judith Hunziker                   daughter of Mr & Mrs Charles Morris of Underhangers, The Island, lived in USA
  • Kate Hargreaves               lived at Wetherbury, Alton Rd. Steep, attended St Peter’s church
  • Kathleen Dunn                   1913-1997 Kathleen Olive Dunn possibly lived at Waggoners, near Tankerdale
  • Lady Doris Blacker            d. 1983 J.P., of Coldhayes Steep Marsh, Mother of Brian & David, wife of Lt Col Latham Blacker
  • L. Slaytor                             Joan Coles cousin lived at Emsworth married Canadian John Slayter adopted 4 children
  • Margaret Brooke               worked 4 kneelers. Hugh Routh thinks family lived on Bell Hill. Wife of Norman Brooke, mother of Elizabeth Brooke who went to Bedales & also worked kneelers
  • Moyra Massey                    Lived at Winters Cottage, Ridge Common Lane, now in Petersfield
  • Midge Boyall                       of Island Chase, wife of Commander Anthony Boyall RN
  • Mary (Muriel) Bostock      1924-1992 Cicely Alder’s daughter, mother of Martin & Simon, buried Petersfield
  • Nancy Klitz                           lived at Crees Corner, wife of John Klitz architectural engineer
  • Pam Snelgar                        née Roberts, wife of Douglas
  • Philippa Miles                     wife of Peter, discount broker, living at Little Langleys in 1964. He was keeper of the Queen’s privy purse. Bought LL from the Spencer Churchills, made beautiful garden
  • Phyllis Dacam                     Lived at Stroud, then Hazelbank Close Petersfield ex naval family
  • Rosemary Swan                 former Steep School & Dunhurst teacher. Lived at Clare Gardens Petersfield
  • Sheila Balfour                     lived at 57 Bell Hill, husband RN moved to Buriton then Dorset
  • Stella Wright                      Mother in law of Judith Wright of Stroud
  • Wenda Roddis                   Steep School assistant staff
  • Veronica Chater               Bedales housekeeper
  • Mrs V Patterson                 lived at Bell Hill Ridge
  • Willie Higgs                        d. 2014 lived at Stroudbridge Cottage, Stroud

The ones about whom we know nothing & are seeking information:

  • Ann Stubbs
  • Barbara Brierley
  • Dorothy Blake
  • Kathleen Dunn
  • V. Patterson

Some makers left their initials on the end panels of their kneelers

We are trying to collect photographs of all those who made the Steep kneelers. So far, we only have the following pictures.

If you have a photograph of someone who made a kneeler, please send it in to us, so that we can add it to our Steep History archive collection.

Steep Kneelers

As of February 2019, the following kneelers are missing.

The pictures below are copies of old photographs of the missing items.


Information on Canon Douglas Snelgar from:

Canon Douglas Snelgar DSC., M.A. – Address by Blake Parker July 2008 The London Gazette 14 August 1945 Conversation with Sarah Burnell Photographs of Douglas Snelgar and others from Steep church archives

HDML boats: (Harbour Defence Motor Launch boats) –

Information on the people who worked on the kneelers from:

Conversation with Carol Glover 2018 Conversation with Richard & Sue Coles 2018 Handwritten and typed sheets of information from Douglas Snelgar in the Snelgar/Burnell family archive Two folders of information on the kneelers in Steep church archives compiled by Cecily Roberts, Anne Winscom & others

Information on the process of creating the kneelers from:

Typed information sheet produced in 1989 by Anne Winscom

Photographs from:

Richard & Sue Coles, Gill Wicksteed, Clinton Brown, Martin Bostock, Fran Box, Petersfield Post, Bedales Archives


Embroidered Church Kneelers by Barbara Thomson & Wendy Trewin pub Batsford 1987

With thanks to the John Owen, vicar of All Saints’ Steep and to its PCC for permitting access to the kneelers and to the church archives.